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Against the Dry Spell: A Story of Agricultural Renewal

In the heartland of Karnataka's drought-prone areas, a remarkable story of agricultural resilience and community empowerment is unfolding. Kalmeshwar Farmer Producer Organization (FPO), supported by the Deshpande Foundation, is redefining rural agriculture through innovative programs and financial support systems. This blog delves into the comprehensive approach of Kalmeshwar FPO in aiding the farmers of the Navalgund region.


The Genesis of FPO

The journey began with a collaborative effort between Deshpande Foundation and Kalmeshwar FPO, aiming to revitalise agricultural practices in drought-affected areas. The FPO introduced a trial demo for field staff, leading to a three-month period for system setup. A significant step was the creation of a farmer-centric website, providing access to vital resources and information.


The Five Pillar Approach

Kalmeshwar FPO's strategy revolves around five key activities:


Agricultural Inputs: Offering farmers access to essential inputs like seeds, fertilisers, and pesticides at discounted rates.


Marketing and Trade: Specialising in the trade of specific commodities such as maize, green gram, Bengal gram, and chilli, the FPO connects farmers directly with institutional buyers.


Seed Production: Partnering with Dharwad University and Karnataka State Seed Federation, Kalmeshwar FPO has embarked on seed production, focusing on varieties like Green Gram, Bengal Gram, and Jawar.


Value Addition: Operating small-scale production units for dal processing and other products, the FPO aids in enhancing the market value of agricultural produce.


Extension Services: Providing services like soil testing and access to agricultural machinery, the FPO strengthens the agricultural infrastructure.


The Role of Farmer Interest Groups (FIGs)

FIGs play a crucial role in structuring farmer communities. Each FIG, comprising around 20 farmers, functions with a president and a treasurer. These groups facilitate discussions on input requirements, harvest planning, and market strategies. Regular monthly meetings ensure cohesive decision-making and swift dissemination of information.


Financial Framework

Kalmeshwar FPO has established robust financial channels, including partnerships with Rang De for financial support of farmers. The affordable interest rates offered by Rang De Social investors are crucial for farmers to continue their crop cycles. Timely input loans decide timely harvests.

These initiatives offer a lifeline to farmers, enabling them to invest in their crops confidently.

Farmers outside the FPO network face significant challenges, primarily in accessing resources and markets. They often resort to local traders for input loans and lack the structured support that FPO members benefit from.

The Impact

Kalmeshwar FPO has made a profound impact, with over 1200 shareholder farmers and reaching out to more than 5000 farmers. The FPO's success is underscored by national and state-level awards and a business turnover of 28 Crores last year.

The organisation continues to explore opportunities for scaling up post-harvest processing and expanding its reach. Kalmeshwar FPO stands as a testament to the power of collective effort and strategic intervention in transforming the face of rural agriculture.

The story of Kalmeshwar FPO is not just about agricultural success; it's a narrative of community resilience and empowerment. It's a pillar of hope for farmers battling the harsh realities of drought and market uncertainties. As we document their journey, we see a blueprint for sustainable rural development and a brighter future for the farming communities of Karnataka.

You can Invest in farmers and create sustainable livelihood opportunities for them at rangde.in


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Meenal Mamdani
Meenal Mamdani
Dec 22, 2023

Another inspiring story from Mr Sleemon.

Makes me wish this could be replicated in India's 6 lakh villages.

Another idea comes to mind and that is about civics and responsibilities of an individual towards society.

If the farmers gather in an area, if they could see short films about cleanliness outside the home, value in educating women and giving women opportunities to earn a living, etc.

Unfortunately economic well being does not go hand in hand with social consciousness or else we would not have the dismal male to female ratio in births in the wealthy states of Haryana and Punjab.

Perhaps this is all wishful thinking, but one can continue to hope.

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