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The Emergence of Agritech in Indian Agriculture

In India, where over half of the population depends on agriculture for its livelihood, the emergence of agritech startups is not a mere trend but a crucial pivot towards modernization and efficiency. The Indian agritech landscape, with its unique challenges and burgeoning opportunities, is on the verge of enabling real transformation for millions. This article delves deep into the - The Backbone of India: Agriculture Agritech Addressing Systemic Challenges The Agritech Ecosystem: A Closer Look Sub-Sectors of Agritech Innovation Agritech Driving Change Policy Landscape and Future Outlook Government's Role in Enabling Agritech

The Backbone of India: Agriculture

Agriculture in India is more than just an economic activity; it's a lifeline for over half a billion people. With a Gross Value Added (GVA) of $276.3 billion in FY20 and farming contributing 56% to this figure, the sector holds immense significance. That being said, Indian agriculture has historically grappled with issues like fragmented landholdings, low farm income, unorganized supply chains, and the impacts of climate change​​.


Potential value of Agritech in India
Agritech market in India

Agritech Addressing Systemic Challenges

The agritech sector in India is poised to tackle these systemic challenges. Key issues include:

  • Data Inadequacy: A lack of real-time data hinders technology adoption. Agritech solutions, utilising drones, IoT, and machine learning, aim to bridge this gap.

  • Quality Input Access: Farmers often struggle to access high-quality agricultural inputs. Digital platforms are increasingly facilitating the delivery of essential inputs.

  • Supply Chain Inefficiencies: India faces significant post-harvest losses, primarily due to poor transport and storage. Startups are addressing these issues through innovative supply chain solutions​​.

The Agritech Ecosystem: A Closer Look

With over 1000 agritech startups, the Indian agritech market, valued at $204 million in 2020, is a fraction of the potential $24.1 billion market. This gap highlights the immense growth opportunity in this sector​​.

Venture funding for agritech startups
Agritech funding in India

Sub-Sectors of Agritech Innovation


Agritech startups in India

Agritech Driving Change Emerging technologies are at the forefront of this revolution:

  • Digital Collars and Robotic Milkers: Enhancing livestock management and dairy productivity.

  • Agricultural Drones: Used for crop monitoring, soil assessment, and operational efficiency.

  • Automated Weeding: Employing smart vehicles for precision weeding.

  • Hydroponic Farming: Promoting soil-less farming with minimal water usage​​.

Policy Landscape and Future Outlook


Recent farm reform bills, despite controversy, aim to open markets and potentially increase farm income. The government's commitment to technology in agriculture is evident in its allocation of INR 2,000 crore for the computerization of agricultural credit societies and the implementation of crop insurance policies like the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana​​. Government's Role in Enabling Agritech

The Indian government has taken several steps to foster technology and innovation in agriculture:

Farmer Collectivization: Promotion of farmer–producer organisations (FPOs) with a $750 million grant to set up over 10,000 FPOs in five years, aiding agtech companies like Samunnati in scaling their business models.

Development of the 'Agristack': Creating a unified agricultural database linked to farmers based on land holdings, enabling agtech companies to customise offerings.

Digital Soil-Health Cards: Mapping soil composition at the farmer level to promote precision farming.

National Agriculture Market (eNAM): An electronic trading portal connecting existing mandis, ensuring better prices for farmers through transparent auctions.

Agritech in India is still in its infancy with just 1% penetration of the addressable market potential of US$24 billion. As startups bridge gaps in data, supply chains, and market linkages, they are not just transforming the agricultural landscape but also enabling millions of farmers. This revolution, steeped in innovation and policy support, holds the potential to redefine Indian agriculture, making it more sustainable, efficient, and profitable. To Invest in farmers of India and get repaid with interest, visit rangde.in Recommended read : EY Report - Agritech


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Informative and excellent.

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